Short-Term Effects of Alcohol

The short-term effects of drinking alcohol can cause numerous adverse effects on the user, including:1

  • Slowed reaction times and reflexes
  • Poor motor coordination
  • Blurred vision
  • Slurred speech
  • Lowered inhibitions and increase in risk behavior
  • Lowered reasoning ability, impaired judgment
  • Memory loss
  • Confusion, anxiety, restlessness
  • Slowed heart rate, reduced blood pressure
  • Slowed breathing rate
  • Heavy sweating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dehydration – a leading cause of condom breakage
  • Coma
  • Death from respiratory arrest

A person who consistently uses alcohol over a period of time will develop a tolerance to the effects of drinking; that is, it takes progressively more alcohol to achieve the same effects. Over time, that person may grow dependent on alcohol, and in some cases this can lead to a vicious cycle of addiction.


1 InTheKnowZone Alcohol Page.

Alcohol and its effects in the body. Short Term Effects of Alcohol.

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